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There 2 ways of backing up data from an iOS device, either iCloud or iTunes. 

Keep in mind when you are backing up an iOS device, you are NOT creating an exact copy of the device, but only some of your data. Apps are not copied, but available in the App Store. Most user data are stored in iCloud or other cloud solutions and copied to the device. Some data are stored in iTunes and copied to the device.

Read more: Apple Support - About backups for iOS devices.

Difference between iCloud and iTunes backup

The table below describes what is backed up and where.

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      • Stores backups in iCloud
      • Offers up to 2TB of storage (your first 5GB are free)
      • Always encrypts your backups
      • Lets you create and use backups from anywhere with Wi-Fi

      • Stores backups on your Mac or PC
      • Storage depends on your Mac or PC's available space
      • Offers encrypted backups (off by default)
      • Lets you create and use backups from your Mac or PC

 iCloud backups

With a Wi-Fi network connection, you can make a backup of your device using iCloud. You don’t need to plug your device into a computer or even be at home to back up with iCloud. 

iCloud backups include nearly all data and settings stored on your device. iCloud backups don't include:

      • Data that's already stored in iCloud, like Contacts, Calendars, Notes, iCloud Photos, iMessages, Voice Memos, and text (SMS) and multimedia (MMS) messages*
      • Data stored in other cloud services, like Gmail and Exchange mail
      • Apple Mail data
      • Apple Pay information and settings
      • Touch ID settings
      • iCloud Music Library and App Store content (If it's still available in the iTunes, App, or Apple Books store, you can tap to re-download your already purchased content.)

* When you use Messages in iCloud or Voice Memos or turn on iCloud Photos, your content is automatically stored in iCloud.

iTunes backups

From your Mac or PC, you can make a backup of your device in iTunes. Syncing your device with your computer isn't the same as making a backup. An iTunes backup includes nearly all of your device's data and settings. An iTunes backup doesn't include:

      • Content from the iTunes and App Stores or PDFs downloaded directly to Apple Books
      • Content synced from iTunes, like imported MP3s or CDs, videos, books, and photos
      • Data already stored in iCloud, like iCloud Photos, iMessages, and text (SMS) and multimedia (MMS) messages
      • Face ID or Touch ID settings
      • Apple Pay information and settings
      • Apple Mail data
      • Activity, Health, and Keychain data (To back up this content, you'll need to use Encrypted Backup in iTunes.)

Backup of Supervised Device

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You can back up your iOS device using iCloud or iTunes. However, the supervision state the iPhone or iPad was in when it was backed up, is stored as well. It means if the device was Supervised during the backup, restoring after wipe the device will also restore the supervision state as well. If you want another enrollment configuration, you need to remove the current one, wipe the device, and Setup it up as a new device, and login with the Apple ID afterward.

Restore backup on Supervised Device

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If you restore the same back up to a different iPhone or iPad, the supervision state will come from Apple Business Manager and you can enroll it.

If the iPad was not supervised during the backup, it will not be supervised after a restore even though you have configured it to be supervised. In that case, the unit will have to be enrollment as a new device.

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